In the past, major threats included forest loss and fragmentation along with a capture for pets and trade. Today, the main factor is reduced numbers and limited possibilities for growth in the few fragmented and degraded forests that remain in their restricted range.
AZA zoos, the Brazilian government, and other organizations are working to increase their numbers and create a sustainable population. About 1,500 golden lion tamarins live in the wild, and about 450 live in zoos worldwide.
CITES Appendix I