fennec fox

Fennec Fox

Vulpes zerda

CLASS Mammalia | ORDER Carnivora | FAMILY Canidae

RANGE North African desert east to the Sinai Peninsula

HABITAT Sandy desert and arid areas

DIET Mainly plants, leaves, fruits and roots; also eggs, insects, rodents and small reptiles when available

3 - 3.5 lbs

Body Length
9 - 16 in

Tail Length
Up to 12 in

About 50 days

2 - 5 kits

IUCN Status
Least Concern
fennec fox

The nocturnal fennec fox is the world's smallest fox. They have thick fur on the on the soles of their feet. This protects their feet from the scorching hot desert sand.

Fennec foxes can live for an indefinite amount of time without drinking water, getting hydration from the plants, fruits, and animals they eat.

fennec fox

Their oversized ears are around 6 inches long. It loses body heat through its big ears, which helps it keep cool in the hot desert climate.

Their hearing is sensitive enough to detect beetles walking across the sand.

fennec fox

Fennec foxes face threats from the pet trade and habitat loss.