White-tailed Deer

White-tailed Deer

White-tailed Deer
Odocoileus virginianus


CLASS
Mammalia
ORDER
Artiodactyla
FAMILY
Cervidae

Range

Southern Canada to South America


Habitat

Prefer open forests bordering old fields or natural meadows


Diet

Leaves, grasses, twigs, brush, vines, fruits, berries, acorns, fungi

Weight

MALE Avg. 125 - 175 lbs.

Height

MALE 34 - 40 in. (at shoulder)

Length

MALE 4 - 5 ft.

Gestation

6.5 - 7 months

Young

1 - 2 fawns

IUCN Status

Least Concern

Facts

  • White-tailed deer can run up to 28 mph and are strong swimmers.
  • "White-tailed" refers to the white underside of the deer's tail, which it displays and wags when alarmed.
  • One to three young are born in spring or summer. Fawns are able to stand and nurse within minutes of birth.
  • Size of antlers is dependent on the food supply and age of deer. Start growing in April - May. Antlers are shed annually during January.
  • Male is called a buck. Female is called a doe. Young is called a fawn.
  • Fawns can walk a few hours after they are born, but remain quietly hidden in shrub waiting for their mother to return to feed them.

 

Conservation

Their natural predators, including wolves, mountain lions, and bobcats, have been much reduced over the past century, causing an overpopulation of white-tailed deer in some areas. They are hunted for sport and meat.

Least Concern

Open Daily 9 am - 5 pm

Closed only Thanksgiving, Christmas, & New Year's Day

Address

Alexandria Zoo
3016 Masonic Drive
Alexandria, LA 71301
P: (318) 441-6810

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