White Pelican

White Pelican

White Pelican
Pelecanus erythrorhynchos


CLASS
Aves
ORDER
Pelecaniformes
FAMILY
Pelecanidae

Range

North America and Central America


Habitat

Lakes, marshes, salt bays, and beaches


Diet

Mainly fish; also amphibians and crawfish

Weight

MALE 20 - 30 lbs.
FEMALE 11 - 20 lbs.

Size

MALE Avg. 5.6 ft.
FEMALE Avg. 4.8 ft

Wingspan

88 - 140 in.

Incubation

30 - 42 days

Clutch

2 - 3 eggs

IUCN Status

Least Concern

Facts

  • Coordinated flocks of swimming pelicans encircle fish or drive them into shallows waters where they become concentrated and are more easily caught.
  • Unlike the brown pelican, the white pelican does not dive for fish. Instead, it dips its head underwater to scoop up its prey.
  • These migratory birds breed in inland Canada and the Northern United States. In the spring, they migrate south to the wetlands of the Gulf Coast.
  • The pelican's long bill is orange, with an extendable throat pouch on the underside.

 

Conservation

Although the white pelican is not threatened, many of the breeding colonies in the U.S. and Canada face challenges from habitat loss, pesticide contamination, and water level disturbances.

Least Concern

Open Daily 9 am - 5 pm

Closed only Thanksgiving, Christmas, & New Year's Day

Address

Alexandria Zoo
3016 Masonic Drive
Alexandria, LA 71301
P: (318) 441-6810

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