Jaguar

Jaguar

Jaguar
Panthera onca


CLASS
Mammalia
ORDER
Carnivora
FAMILY
Felidae

Range

Central Mexico through Central America to South America as far south as the northern portion of Argentina


Habitat

Rainforests, swampy areas, grasslands, woodlands, dry forests, and deserts


Diet

Carnivore; prefer large prey such as peccary, deer, tapir, and capybara

Weight

70 - 250 lbs.

Body

3.8 – 6 ft.

Tail

18 - 30 in.

Gestation

3 - 3.5 months

Young

1 - 4 cubs

IUCN Status

Near Threatened

Facts

  • Some jaguars are "tawny" with yellowish to brown fur and a visible pattern of rosette markings across its body. Others are melanistic or black.
  • Jaguars have spots called rosettes.
  • The jaguar is the largest cat found in the Americas.
  • Jaguars are solitary animals, only coming together to mate.
  • It is the only big cat which regularly kills prey (especially capybaras) by piercing the skull with their canines.
  • When a jaguar catches a large prey it is either buried or hidden in a sheltered area, so the jaguar can return to eat when it is hungry later.
  • These heavy-built cats have sharp, retractable claws that are important in seizing and holding a prey animal.
  • Powered by their strong legs, jaguars are also capable climbers and swimmers.

 

Conservation

Since 1900, jaguars have disappeared from over 50% of their range due to persecution by livestock ranchers, degradation of habitat, and human hunting of the jaguar's prey.

In many countries, jaguars are protected, but enforcement is difficult and jaguar skins are still sold on the black market.

Near Threatened

Open Daily 9 am - 5 pm

Closed only Thanksgiving, Christmas, & New Year's Day

Address

Alexandria Zoo
3016 Masonic Drive
Alexandria, LA 71301
P: (318) 441-6810

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