Central to South America and on smaller West Indian islands
Trees along rivers, lakes and mangrove swamps
Green leafy plants and ripe fruits; sometimes carrion or invertebrates
Up to 18 lbs.
5 - 7 ft.
About 90 days
12 - 30
The green iguana is a social species; groups can be found basking and foraging together in trees.
It can swim well and can stay underwater up to 30 minutes.
It can change color slightly to help blend into its environment, but not nearly as well as some lizards, such as chameleons.
Their tails, which can act like a whip, can be used to deliver painful strikes to attackers. If caught by a predator by the tail, the iguana can allow it to break, so it can escape and eventually regrow a new one.
They regulate their body's salt level by expelling a saline solution through two prominent nostrils.
The iguana faces threats from the pet trade and the destruction of its rainforest habitat.
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