Brown Pelican

Brown Pelican

Brown Pelican
Pelecanus occidentalis


CLASS
Aves
ORDER
Pelecaniformes
FAMILY
Pelecanidae

Range

North and South America


Habitat

Shallow inshore waters, estuaries and bays


Diet

Fish and crustaceans

Weight

7 - 8 lbs.

Size

3 - 5 ft.

Wingspan

6.5 - 7.5 ft.

Incubation

28 - 30 days

Clutch

2 - 3 eggs

IUCN Status

Least Concern

Facts

  • Smallest member of the pelican species.
  • Brown pelicans hunt with spectacular head-first dives. They will fly high up into the air, then fold back their wings and plunge into the water.
  • Air sacs beneath the pelicans' skin cushion the impact of their dives and help them resurface.
  • The pelican's pouch can hold three times more fish than the stomach.

 

Conservation

Brown pelican populations have stabilized thanks to conservation efforts, and populations slowly increased between 1966 and 2015, according to the North American Bird Breeding Survey.

Least Concern
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