Buck 34 - 40 inches high at shoulder and 4 - 5 feet long; doe is smaller. Weight average for buck 125 - 175 lbs.; occasionally uo to 400 lbs.
Southern Canada, south to northern South America
Temperate to tropical deciduous forest
Wild - Leaves, twigs, brush, vines, fruits, berries, fungus
Zoo - Grain, hay
- Runs up to 28 mph and leaps over fences 8 feet high
- Strong swimmer
- Keen sense of hearing and smell
- This deer gathers in small herds, usually of not more than a dozen animals of the same sex.
- Feeds during the day and at night
- If alarmed, it bounds swiftly away into dense vegetation with its tail raised. This "white flag" signals danger.
- Pairs form briefly at mating.
- Good antler development of buck denotes good health.
- Size of antlers is dependent on the food supply and age of deer. Start growing in April - May.
- Antlers are shed annually during January. (Velvet rubbed off in September)
- Winter coats are made of stiff, tubular hairs.
Gestation 6.5 - 7 months; usually 1 - 2 spotted fawns. Fawns can walk a few hours after they are born, but remain quietly hidden in shrub waiting for their mother to return to feed them.
Dogs, coyotes, wolves, mountain lions, bobcats, lynxes
Not threatened; is hunted for sport and for meat