Nile Crocodile
Crocodylus niloticus

CLASS: Reptilia
ORDER: Crocodylia
FAMILY: Crocodylidae

To 16 feet, with a record of over 19 feet

Most of Africa south of the Sahara Desert

Rivers, lakes, and swamps

Wild - Generalized carnivore, eating anything it can overpower
Zoo - Fish, chicken, other meat

A larger crocodile with a basically olive green to brownish back and sides marked with black blotches and spots in a network effect. As in all crocodiles, the fourth lower tooth is visible when the mouth is closed. The snout is also obviously narrower than in the alligators.v


  • The species is dangerous to man, taking several African villagers and also tourists each year.
  • Widely farmed in Africa for its skin and meat
  • Social, living in groups of up to 20 with a dominant male (bull)

Both sexes guard the nest. The young are dug out as they hatch and are guarded by the mother for their first few months, after which they move to shallow water, where they live until large enough to join the group.

CITES Appendix I, but some populations still large enough for CITES II. Losing habitat and often hunted.

Alderton, D. Crocodiles & Alligators of the World.