White-tailed Sea Eagle
Haliaeetus albicilla

ORDER: Falconiformes
FAMILY: Accipitridae

Length 30-37 inches; weight 7-14 pounds; wingspread 80-97 inches.

Central Europe to Siberia, also Greenland and the Aleutian Islands, Alaska.

This eagle is found in lowlands near both fresh and salt water. Its nests and roosts are found on high cliffs or in tall trees.


  • Wild - Fish, birds, eggs, mammals, carrion.
  • Zoo - Fish, chicks, Bird of Prey diet, rats.

A large brown eagle. The adults have pale buffy head, neck, breast, and wing coverts with a white tail. Juvenile birds are darker brown with a brown tail. Females are larger than males. Juveniles become adult at 6 years of age but do not get a wholly white tail until 8 years old. Adults have yellow eyes, bill, legs, and feet. This eagle is similar to the North American Bald Eagle but has a buffy brown, not white, head.


  • Believed to pair for life.
  • They soar, sky dance, and do aerial displays.
  • The large nest (an aerie) is made of sticks and branches and is reused for many years.

Lay 1-3 eggs that are incubated for 34-46 days. The young fledge in 70-90 days and become independent 35 days later.

Vulnerable; Cites I.


  • Raptors of the World. James Ferguson-Lees & David A. Christie.
  • Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 2. New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Josep del Hoyo, Andrew Elliott, and Jordie Sargatal.