Eastern Hognosed Snake
Up to 45 inches in length
Eastern North America; statewide in Louisiana
Most abundant in dry uplands
Wild - Toads mainly; frogs and salamander
Zoo - Toads and frogs
Medium sized to moderately long, heavy bodies; upturned snout; occasionally uniformly black but more often dark spots on a lighter color; anal plate divided.
- Pointed, upturned snout useful for digging and burrowing; variable colorations make for excellent camouflage; employs "playing dead" method of avoiding enemies; toxic saliva used to sudue prey.
- Mildly venomous
- Often called "spreading adder" or "puff adder" because of its ability to flatten neck and spread an almost cobra-like hood when confronted. Rarely bites humans, but fatalities have occured due to allergic reaction to the toxic saliva.
9 - 25 eggs laid from June to October. Young are usually brown and orange when hatched and darken as they get older.
Not threatened; vulnerable due to habitat loss
"The Amphibians and Reptiles of Louisiana," Harold A. Dundee and Douglas A. Rossman
"Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia," Vol. 6 Reptiles, Dr. Bernhard Grzimek