Cuban Treefrog
Osteopilus septentrionalis

CLASS: Amphibia
ORDER: Anura
FAMILY: Hylidae

1.5 to 5 inches; females much larger than many males.

Northern West Indies, especially Cuban and Bahamas. Introduced into Florida and established along both coasts. Likely to spread.

Any moist area with vegetation or hiding places. In Florida usually found near homes and gardens and may call from tall orange trees.


  • Wild - Insects, spiders, snails, small frogs. Do not house with other frogs.
  • Zoo - Large crickets.

A long-legged, stout, somewhat warty treefrog with gigantic toe disks. The eyes are bright gold. Most specimens are grayish to olive green with darker blotches and spots.


  • Skin secretions are very toxic; hands must be washed after handling; do not put the frog near eyes, nose, or mouth.
  • Unlike our native treefrogs, calling males have a pair of inflated sacks under the throat, not a single marble-like bubble.
  • Males may live only a year or two but females can live a decade.

In Florida, breeding occurs mostly between April and August, females laying about 200 eggs in several small groups. Tadpoles mature in less than two months.

Considered a destructive, invasive, non-native species. Could become established accidentally in New Orleans as not always killed by freezing weather.


  • A Field Guide to Florida Reptiles and Amphibians. R. D. Bartlett & Patricia P. Bartlett.
  • A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians. Eastern and Central North America. Roger Conant & Joseph T. Collins.