Cougar
Felis concolor

CLASS: Mammalia
ORDER: Carnivora
FAMILY: Felidae

SIZE:

  • Height: 26 - 30 inches at shoulders;
  • Length: 42 - 54 inches;
  • Tail: 30 - 36 inches;
  • Weight: 80 - 200 lbs.
  • Female is a third smaller than male.

RANGE:
Tropics of South America to mountains of Canada

HABITAT:
Mountain caves; rocky terrain; underbrush

DIET:
Wild - deer, elk, small animals
Zoo - Prepare zoo diet of raw horsemeat

FACTS:

  • Vision -- binocular, to judge distance; while pupils of most cats contract to slit, mountain lions remain round.
  • Legs -- strong and muscular; hind legs are longer than forelegs giving it tremendous leaping powers. Great jumping power -- may leap from the ground to 15 - 20 feet into trees.
  • Tail used for balance when jumping.
  • Swims well, but prefers not to enter water.
  • Retractable claws -- helps keep them sharp and aids in silent running
  • Nocturnal -- hunts at night; only the scarcity of prey may force it to hunt in daylight. Stalk, stealth, and speed enables it to kill fast. At times its prey is as large and strong as this predator. Strong jaws and teeth are designed to seize and kill. Drags larger prey to a secluded spot to eat at will.
  • Solitary except to breed. Not a definite season.
  • No other enemy than man
  • Also called, puma, mountain lion, catamount, panther. Although large, the mountain lion is called a small cat because it purrs, not roars like a lion of Africa.

YOUNG:
Gestation period 90 - 96 days. Usually 2 buffy, spotted, ring-tailed. Kittens born with eyes closed; after 3 months will eat meat and bones; playful; born in cave or dense woodland den. Most births occur in late winter of early spring.

STATUS:
CITES App. II; The cat once native to Louisiana (Florida panther) is an ENDANGERED species. Although countless sightings are reported, there is still no documentation (plaster cast of paw prints, photos, etc.) to substantiate claims. It is uncertain what callers have seen or heard.