Blue Duiker
Cephalophus monticola

CLASS: Mammalia
ORDER: Artiodactyla
FAMILY: Bovidae

13-16 inches high

Sub-Saharan Africa, central Africa plus southeastern coastal areas.

Rainforests, along forest edges, woodlands, and riverine thickets

Wild - Leaves, twigs, flowers, fruits (up to 80% of diet), and occasionally grasses, fungi, and insects
Zoo - Herbivore diet, apples, lettuce, carrots


  • Bluish gray to brownish.
  • Very variable in size and color, darker in wet areas, paler in dry areas.
  • Tail with a dark line down middle of top, edges of the tail white.
  • The eyes are large, the ears relatively small.


  • Called duikers from the Afrikaans word for diver due to their series of diving jumps when fleeing
  • Gives a warning bark when alarmed
  • Lives in pairs that chase away intruders
  • White edges of tail flicker like a flashlight in the dark understory of the forest

Has a single young that may take two years to mature, staying with the parents for 18 months

Considered lower risk because it is still widespread and common even with hunting pressure for bush meat.

Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia, 2nd ed., Vol. 16, Mammals V, Edited M. Hutchins
Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals, Jonathan Kingdon