African Lion

African Lion

African Lion
Panthera leo


CLASS
Mammalia
ORDER
Carnivora
FAMILY
Felidae

Range

Sub-Saharan Africa


Habitat

Grasslands and semi-arid plains


Diet

Antelopes, gazelles, warthogs, smaller carnivores, and occasionally Cape buffalo, giraffe, and young elephants

Weight

MALE 330 - 550 lbs.
FEMALE 265 - 400 lbs.

Length

MALE 5.5 - 8 ft
FEMALE 4.5 - 5.5 ft

Gestation

110 days

Young

1 to 6 cubs

IUCN Status

Vulnerable

Facts

  • Lions are the only true social cats. They live in groups called prides.
  • Male lions defend their pride's vast territory by patrolling the area, which can cover about 100 square miles.
  • An adult lion's roar can be heard up to five miles away and warns off intruders or reunites scattered pride members.
  • Lions are inactive up to 21 hours of the day.
  • Although the females (lionesses) do most of the hunting, dominant males always eat first, lionesses next, and cubs scramble for scraps and leftovers.
  • Loose belly skin allows the African lion to be kicked by prey with little chance of injury.
  • A thick mane helps males look bigger and protects their throat.
  • A single lion needs approximately 10-20 large animals per year to sustain it!

 

Conservation

Although lions are protected in some areas, human encroachment into lion habitat, trophy hunting and the killing of nuisance animals are all problems.

Many lions have also died from diseases such as distemper, which is spread by domestic dogs from villages near their natural habitat.

Vulnerable

Open Daily 9 am - 5 pm

Closed only Thanksgiving, Christmas, & New Year's Day

Address

Alexandria Zoo
3016 Masonic Drive
Alexandria, LA 71301
P: (318) 441-6810

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