Senegal in western Africa to southern Somalia and Tanzania on the continent’s eastern edge.
Semiarid areas and dry savannahs
Insects, eggs, frogs, fruit, fungi, lizards, mice, and snakes
8 – 24 oz
6.5 – 9 in, with 0.5 in tail
35 to 58 days
Avg. 3 - 5
Also called four-toed hedgehogs. Hedgehogs are related to gymnures and shrews.
Depend on their excellent hearing and sense of smell that can detect prey 2 inches or more below ground.
Hedgehogs may have 5,000 to 6,500 quills.
Solitary and territorial; find shelter in and under logs, rocks, roots of trees and brush piles, in termite mounds, in burrows.
Escape predators by hiding or rolling into a ball and using their spines as a deterrent. A unique muscle, called the orbicularis panniculi, circling their body under the edge of their spiny coat cause each spine to stand erect. Its spines are not released into the skin of an attacker, as those of a porcupine.
Newborns are blind and weigh about 0.35 ounces. Eyes open in 8 – 18 days
Young are born with soft, short spines that lengthen and harden soon after birth.
There are no major threats to this species as a whole.